THE THERAPIST (Journal of Therapies & Rehabilitation Sciences) http://thetherapist.com.pk/index.php/tt <p><strong>Title of Journal: </strong><strong>THE THERAPIST (ISSN Online: 2790-7414, Print: 2790-7406)</strong></p> <p><strong>Frequency: Quaterly (w.e.f 1<sup>st</sup> Jan, 2023)</strong></p> <p><strong>Affiliated with:</strong> Lahore Medical Research Center</p> <p><strong>Website:</strong> (<a href="http://www.lmrc.com.pk">www.lmrc.com.pk</a>)</p> <p><strong>Published By:</strong> CrossLinks International Publishers (CLIP), Lahore, Pakistan</p> <p><strong>Website:</strong> (<a href="http://www.clip.com.pk">www.clip.com.pk</a>)</p> <p><strong>Address:</strong> 590-Karim Block, Allama Iqbal Town, Lahore, Pakistan</p> <p>‘The Therapist’, abbreviated as ‘TT’ is an official journal of ‘Lahore Medical Research Center’ (LMRC), LLP. We are pleased to announce the launch of this journal of physical therapy and rehabilitation sciences as well as other therapies are also included within the scope such as stem cell therapy, speech therapy, psychotherapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, radiotherapy, dialectial behavior therapy, Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy, Mentalization-based therapy, animal-assisted therapy, emotion focused therapy, family therapy, group therapy, mind-fulness-based therapy, virtual therapy, exposure therapy, interpersonal therapy, diet <br />therapy, virtual therapy, hydrotherapy, heat therapy are among the few. <br />Mission of this journal is to publish the studies in the above areas and relevant disciplines. These researches will be of great significance and may contribute to the awareness and understanding of the impact of different therapies <br />on human health improvement. To our knowledge this is the first journal with this unique scope. Studies related to these topic are most welcome from national and international authors. It will help all of us to work as global team to do something for the betterment of ailing humanity and share ideas for this noble cause .</p> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>Accreditation:</strong></span></p> <p><strong>Approved by Higher Education Commission of Pakistan for the year 2023-24</strong></p> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>Fee &amp; Subscription Charges</strong></span></p> <p>Article Processing Fee: <strong>NONE</strong></p> <p>Article Publication Fee (National) Rs 20000 / Article</p> <p>Article Publication Fee (International ) 200 USD / Article</p> <p>Printed Version (Selected Articles on Authors Request): Rs 2500/per copy</p> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>Annual Subscription for Printed Versions</strong></span></p> <p>For Institutes: Rs 20,000/ Annually</p> <p>Single Copy (Selected Articles): Rs 2500/-</p> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>Waiver Policy</strong></span></p> <p>If an author has no funds to pay such charges, he may request for full or partial waiver of publication fees. The decision may however vary from case to case.</p> <p>We do not want charges to prevent the publication of worthy material.</p> <p><strong><u>Submissions</u></strong></p> <p>Submission are welcome and may be submitted here <a href="mailto:editor@thetherapist.com.pk">editor@thetherapist.com.pk</a></p> CrossLinks International Publishers en-US THE THERAPIST (Journal of Therapies & Rehabilitation Sciences) 2790-7406 <p>This is an open-access journal and all the published articles / items are distributed under the terms of the <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. For comments <a href="mailto:editor@thetherapist.com.pk">editor@thetherapist.com.pk</a></p> Prevalence of Burnout Syndrome among Physical Therapy House Officers http://thetherapist.com.pk/index.php/tt/article/view/209 <p>Burnout syndrome is a psychological syndrome that is caused by inter-personnel stressors related to prolonged and hectic working hours in a hospital setting. It is overwhelming exhaustion feelings of cynicism, detachment from the job, and lack of accomplishment. <strong>Objective: </strong>To find the prevalence of burnout syndrome in physical therapy house officers working in the hospitals of Rawalpindi and Islamabad. <strong>Methods: </strong>The selection of participants was done by the purposive method of sampling and data collection from the 161 included participants was done by using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey. The analysis of data were done by using IBM Statistics SPSS version 22.0. <strong>Results: </strong>The means and standard deviation for the three components of burnout were found to be 25.09 ± 9.56 for Emotional Exhaustion (EE), 10.093 ± 5.93 for Depersonalization (DP), and 31.248 ± 9.45 for Personal Accomplishment (PA). The mean values fall in the range of moderate level for Emotional Exhaustion (EE), moderate level for Depersonalization (DP), and low level for Personal Accomplishment (PA). Overall, an average of moderate to high levels of burnout was found in the included participants. <strong>Conclusions: </strong>It is concluded that physical therapists working in Rawalpindi and Islamabad are at high risk of developing burnout because of hectic routines and because of the reason that they are not being paid for their work</p> Kinza Noor Saliha Bibi Rimsha Razzaq Abbasi Muhammad Farooq Azam Salma Bibi Copyright (c) 2024 THE THERAPIST (Journal of Therapies & Rehabilitation Sciences) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-30 2024-06-30 03 08 10.54393/tt.v5i02.209 Frequency of Bruxism among Mayofascial Temporomandibular Pain Disorder Patients http://thetherapist.com.pk/index.php/tt/article/view/67 <p>The connection between bruxism and temporomandibular disorders is complex and not yet well understood. Bruxism is a disorder marked by recurrent jaw movements that result in teeth clenching or grinding. It is frequently regarded as a significant risk factor for temporomandibular problems (TMD). <strong>Objective:</strong> To determine the frequency of bruxism among myofascial pain disorder in temporomandibular joint patients. <strong>Methods: </strong>A non-probability convenient sampling strategy was used to conduct a descriptive cross-sectional study with a sample size of 179 patients. Questionnaire was based upon the diagnostic criteria of American Academy of Sleep Medicine for bruxism and data were collected from Lahore Medical and Dental College and Ghurki Teaching Trust Hospital Lahore. <strong>Results: </strong>Out of the 179 patients 94 (52.5 %) reported symptoms of jaw joint noise and the frequency of bruxism in the participants was 106 (59.2 %). <strong>Conclusions:</strong> The study concluded that bruxism is more frequent in myofascial pain disorder in temporomandibular joint patients</p> Ayesha Shahbaz Yamna Mazher Hassan Shahid Hafiz Muhammad Asim Copyright (c) 2024 THE THERAPIST (Journal of Therapies & Rehabilitation Sciences) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-30 2024-06-30 09 12 10.54393/tt.v5i02.67 Frequency of Neck, Shoulder and Back pain due to Heavy Backpacks among Private School Children of Islamabad: A Descriptive Survey http://thetherapist.com.pk/index.php/tt/article/view/207 <p>School going children carry heavy back pack on daily basis. Heavy backpack can place extra pressure on shoulder, neck and back that can lead to pain in these regions of body. <strong>Objective: </strong>To explore the occurrence of neck, shoulder and back pain in school going children because of carrying heavy bag. <strong>Methods:</strong> A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted amongst school children of Islamabad from April 2023 to July 2023. A total of 274 school going children from various private schools of Islamabad region were the part of this study. School going children aging from 10 to 17 years of age of either gender with no history of musculoskeletal problems were included in the study. Data collection questionnaire incorporated standard Nordic Musculoskeletal disorder tool. Data were analyzed on SPSS version 25.0. <strong>Results: </strong>Children who carry back pack weight more than 10% showed more musculoskeletal symptoms in neck, shoulder and back. Results showed that frequency of musculoskeletal symptoms such as back pain was 171 (62.4%) and 97 (35.4%) students out of 100 who claimed no pain in back due to heavy backpack. In addition, the frequency of neck pain was 184 (67.2%) and 84 (30.7%) students who responded no neck pain due to heavy backpack. The frequency of shoulder pain was 86 (31.3%). <strong>Conclusions: </strong>Students with heavy back pack are more prone to develop musculoskeletal disorders including neck, shoulder and back pain.</p> Sidra Hanif . Pinky Reema Altaf Hamra Bashir Umme Rubab Copyright (c) 2024 THE THERAPIST (Journal of Therapies & Rehabilitation Sciences) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-30 2024-06-30 13 17 10.54393/tt.v5i02.207 The Future of Speech Therapy for Autism: Bridging Technology and Personalized Care http://thetherapist.com.pk/index.php/tt/article/view/221 <p>Researchers have been working on autism since the 1980s [1]. Autism spectrum disorder (AUD) is a complex neurodevelopment condition that affects people's interaction with others, behavior, communication, and social interaction. Although autism may be a lifelong condition, appropriate support, services, and treatments can improve a person's symptoms and daily functioning. Individuals with autism often face challenges with speech and language development are prominent. Speech therapy (ST) plays a role in gaining control over verbal communication. An effective speech therapy can enhance the quality of life by addressing communication difficulties. Traditionally, the treatment of autism has a multidisciplinary approach that aims to address the diverse needs of individuals on the spectrum. Advancements in technology are revolutionizing the field by offering various possibilities for personalized care and improved outcomes. Healthcare professionals diagnose autism by assessing a person's development patterns and behaviors. Currently, speech therapy is delivered through face-to-face interactions with a trained therapist. Because parents of autistic children consistently identify language and social communication skills as a top priority. This approach has limitations, like scheduling conflicts, limited access to geographical constraints, and specialized care [2].</p> <p>Telepractice platforms and virtual reality systems (VR), offer novel opportunities for accessible, personalized, and engaging therapy experiences. Telepractice is an online therapy service via technology-based platforms that allows long-distance interventions, breaking geographical barriers and expanding access to specialized care. Specifically, telepractice capitalized on communication practices such as video conferencing, and data tracking tools to facilitate effective communications and reduce barriers like distance. It is a very effective and low-cost method for conducting and completing online sessions for individuals with autism spectrum disorder [3].</p> <p>The use of mobile technology in various countries become a necessity in the lives of people and also makes it a potential medium of intervention for people diagnosed with autism. It also enhances social skills, language development, and communication abilities. Virtual reality is an essential tool for healthcare intervention, offering realistic scenarios for practicing communication strategies and social interaction. Virtual reality interventions can lead to more stable and faster communication skills over time [4].</p> <p>Advancements in artificial intelligence has enabled therapists to analyze data and identify patterns to meet the unique needs of each individual with autism. Technology is poised to facilitate collaboration and communication among individuals, and promote consistency across various settings. Researchers are involved in creating and training robots to interact with autistic children. We can empower individuals with autism to reach their full communication potential with the help of these latest technologies.</p> Fahad Tanveer Copyright (c) 2024 THE THERAPIST (Journal of Therapies & Rehabilitation Sciences) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-30 2024-06-30 01 02 10.54393/tt.v5i02.221