Cardiovascular Fitness Assessment through 3 Minutes Step Test in Adults of Lahore during COVID-19 Pandemic


  • Ali Raza Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Central Park Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Sajjad Ali Sajjad ABWA College of Physical Therapy, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Arif Ali Rana Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Central Park Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Arshia Ijaz Department of Physical Therapy, Rehab 92, Health City Hospital, WAPDA Town Lahore, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Asif Department of Physical Therapy, Royal Institute of Health Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Abdullah Zulfiqar Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Central Park Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan



COVID-19, Pandemic, Aerobic Capacity, Cardiac Fitness, Middle-Aged


At the end of the year, 2019 world witnessed a disease, which is still affecting the world, this disease was named Corona Virus Disease -19 (COVID-19). It is a highly infectious disease that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome. Objective: To find out the impact of COVID-19 on the cardiac fitness of young and middle-aged adults. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at ON-Campus Physiotherapy Clinic at University of Management and Technology, Lahore. Convenient sampling was used. The sample size was 437. Healthy participants from both genders aging 17-45 years were recruited in the study. A self-designed questionnaire validated through a pilot study was used to record the data. Three minutes step test was performed and pre and post-test Cardiac rate were recorded. IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows was used to record and analyze all data. Results: Results showed that the female participants were 271 (59.7%) while males were 176(41.3%), young adults proportion was 76% while middle-aged adults was 24%.The overall results of the post-test 3-minutes step test show that a majority of the population30.7 % (n=134) had excellent cardiac rate, a good proportion of the sample had the same value for  Good and above-average cardiac rates (f=22.4 %,  n= 98)  while fewer number participants fall in rest of the categories such as average, below average, poor and very poor ( 12. %, 7.1%, 3.0 %, 2.3 %) respectively. Conclusions: The study concluded that the overall cardiac capacity of young and older adults is not affected by the pandemic but the females have a better cardiac condition as compared to men.


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DOI: 10.54393/tt.v2i2.28
Published: 2021-12-31

How to Cite

Raza, A., Sajjad, S. A., Rana, A. A., Ijaz, A., Asif, M., & Zulfiqar, A. . (2021). Cardiovascular Fitness Assessment through 3 Minutes Step Test in Adults of Lahore during COVID-19 Pandemic. THE THERAPIST (Journal of Therapies &Amp; Rehabilitation Sciences), 2(2), 19–23.